Best of Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria is an island of the Canary Islands located in the Atlantic Ocean about 150 kilometres (~93 miles) off the north-western coast of Africa and about 1350 km (~838 miles) from Europe. Gran Canaria is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands after Tenerife. Gran Canaria is also the third in extension Canary Islands.
This are the Gran Canaria topics that we would like to share:
- Gran Canaria Video
- Top 10 Gran Canaria
- Gran Canaria’s Essential
- Gran Canaria Photographs
Gran Canaria Video
Top 10 Gran Canaria
It is hard to find the top 10 in an island such diverse as Gran Canaria, as there are so many things to visit, to enjoy and to experience. Here is however a list of what I consider the top thing you must do when visiting Gran Canaria:
- Las Palmas, the capital and biggest city on the island
- Maspalomas, a natural reserve desert with golden dunes
- Caldera de Bandama, an impressing deep crater
- La Cumbre, the mountainous heart of the island
- Teror, a beautiful Canarian Town
- Jardin Botanico Viera y Clavijo, Spain largest botanic garden
- Puerto de las Nieves, an impressing fishing village on the north east of the island
- Barranco de Guayadeque, Guanche (early inhabitants) cave-home
- Puerto de Morgan , a lovely port city in the South
- Casa Museo de Colon, the museum of the great explorer
Gran Canaria Essential
Here are some of the facts about Gran Canaria including the following topics:
- Gran Canaria geography
- Gran Canaria history
- Gran Canaria climate
- Gran Canaria tourism
Gran Canaria geography
Gran Canaria is located southeast of Tenerife and west of Fuerteventura. The island is of volcanic origin, mostly made of fissure vents. Gran Canaria is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands after Tenerife. Gran Canaria’s surface area is 1,560 km² and its maximum altitude is 1,949 meters (Pico de Las Nieves). It has a round shape, with a diameter of approximately 50 km.
Gran Canaria history
Gran Canaria was populated by the Canarii (Guanches), who may have arrived as early as 500 BC. The Canarii called the island Tamarán or Land of the Brave. After over a century of European (French, Portuguese…) incursions and attempts at conquest, the island was conquered on April 29, 1483, after a campaign that lasted 5 years, by the Kingdom of Castile, with the support of Queen Isabella I, a conquest which turned out to be an important step towards the expansion of the unified Spain.
The capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria was founded on June 24, 1478, under the name “Real de Las Palmas”, by Juan Rejón, head of the invading Castilian army. In 1492, Cristopher Columbus anchored in the Port of Las Palmas (and spent some time on the island) on his first trip to the Americas. Some reports suggest that Gran Canaria was formerly named, due to the island’s shape, El Rondo (The Circle) by English explorer Paul C. Reilly who landed on the island in 1451.
Gran Canaria climate
Gran Canaria’s average daytime highs range from 20 °C in winter, to 26 °C in summer. Some cool nights occur in winter, but lows below 10 °C are unknown near the coast. Inland the climate is still mild but mountains areas see the occasional frost or snow. Annual rainfall averages 228 mm, most of this falling in the cooler months, with July, August and September normally rainless. Rainfall is unevenly distributed through the island with some areas being much drier than others. Cloud cover and sunshine is often quite variable during the cooler months, and in fact there can be several rather cloudy days at times in winter. Summers are generally quite sunny however, with the south of the island being most favoured.
Gran Canaria tourism
This island is called a “Miniature Continent” due to the different climates and variety of landscapes found, with its long golden beaches and endless dunes of white sand, its green ravines and picturesque villages. A third of the island is under protection as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.
The number of annual visitors is 2.2 million (2,200,000). Most of the tourists visit the southern part of the island.