Top Africa: best destinations

Egypt - Top Africa

Discover the best places in Africa with the top destinations, cities and natural wonders of North Africa including Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, West Africa including Senegal, Gambia and Mali, Eastern Africa including Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar and Southern Africa including Namibia and South Africa.

Introduction

Africa is the second largest continent in terms of both land area and population and is best known to as the cradle of human civilization.  It is a land of breathtaking natural wonders, from infinite deserts to amazing falls passing by safaris, friendly and genuine people as well as a variety of bustling metropolises.  It is home to the longest river, the 6,650km-long Nile River running from Burundi to Egypt and home to the world’s tallest free-standing mountain, the 5,890m Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. 

Africa is divided in to 55 sovereign countries and contains a wide array of peoples, religions and cultures, providing with exciting activities, for those looking for bit of adventure.  Indeed from trips to the Sahara with a Tuareg caravan, to hikes through gorillas packed jungles , passing by tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, it really offers plenty of surprises to its visitors.
We will discover some of the top destinations in the vast African continent, starting by North Africa and the Arabic countries of Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, followed by Western Africa with Senegal, Gambia and Mali, then move to East with Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Madagascar,  to finally complete our African journey with Southern Africa including top places such as Namibia and South Africa.

Topics

  1. Introduction
  2. Africa Maps
  3. Top destinations in North Africa
  4. Top destinations in West Africa
  5. Top destinations in East Africa
  6. Top destinations in South Africa
  7. Top 10 cities in Africa
  8. About Africa: Essential facts

Africa Maps

Discover the top destinations of Africa on our Interactive Africa Map.  The map includes all the countries of the continent, the best places, top cities, most remarkable natural wonders and the most beautiful beaches regions. 

Click here to Launch the Best of Africa Map or test your knowledge with the Africa map game.

Top destinations in North Africa

North Africa is blessed with unique natural wonders especially around the Sahara desert. Some of the top places in Northern Africa include Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria and some of the most exciting cities worth discovering include Tunis, Marrakech, Casablanca and Cairo

Egypt

Egypt is perhaps one of the most visited destination in Africa, offering a variety of cultural attractions, from the famous temple of Ramses II near Aswan to the valley of the Kings and the Temple of Karnack in Luxor, passing by the great Pyramid of Giza and the Sphinx.  Egypt is also home to the White Desert and the Mount Sinai, where some believe was the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.

Algeria

Algeria is the land of endless sand dunes in the Grand Erg Occidental Desert, with some tropical oasis such as the lovely places of El Golea and Siwa.  It is home to the Cave paintings in the Tassill N’Ajjer National Park and World Heritage site, to some of the greatest Romans ruins in Djemila and to the Ahaggar Mountains.

Algeria - Top Africa

Libya

Libya is blessed with a great historical heritage with plenty of cultural site to be discovered including the greatest Romans ruins in Cyrene and the Roman amphitheatre in Leptis Magna.

Libya - Top Africa

Morocco

Morocco is one of Africa’s most charming and welcoming destination offering plenty of excitement for the visitors.  There are plenty of great cities to be discovered such as the capital Casablanca and the unique red city of Marrakesh and its grandiose Djemaa el-Fna central place, as well as plenty of other key sites such as the Moroccan Versailles in Fes-Fez el Bali, the caves of Hercules and the prehistoric rock carvings in Tafaraoute and the Anti-Atlas Mountains.  Other key places worth mentioning include the coastal town of Sidi Ifni and its art deco architecture in the place Hassan II, the Plaza Uta El Hammam where to enjoy a delicious mint tea or look at the stars in Ait-Ben-Haddoum, a Moroccan version of Hollywood.

Morocco - Top Africa

Tunisia

Tunisia is another charming place and one of the smallest places in North Africa.  It has a rich historical heritage and have a wide array of remarkable places from its capital Tunis and Carthage to the north to places such as Dougga with its roman ruins or Douz on the edge of the Sahara.  Tunisia also offers numerous place for the perfect sun and sea holiday with plenty of idyllic destinations along its Mediterranean coast such as Djerba or Sfax.

Tunisia - Top Africa

Top destinations in West Africa

Top places in Western Africa include Senegal, Gambia and Mali and the best Cities to visit include Dakar and Akkra.

Gambia

Gambia  is the smallest country on the continent of Africa, occupying the navigable length of the Gambia River .  It is surrounded by hills and the country of Senegal and bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean coastline to the west.  The country can be divided into two main regions:  Western Gambia the area near the mouth of the river and Upriver Gambia, the less populated area to the east only visited by the more adventurous types.  Some of the key sites to be discovered include Juffureh and the Bandiagra Plateau.

Gambia - Top Africa

Mali

Mali is a landlocked country surrounded by various Africa countries.  Although it remains one of the poorest countries in the area, it has some incredible sights, including four UNESCO World-Heritage sites and the historic city of Timbuktu.

Mali - Top Africa

Senegal

Senegal is one of the better known Western Africa countries surrounded on one side with the Atlantic Ocean and on the other by Mali, Mauritania and Gambia.  Some of Senegal key destinations include the capital Dakar, the former capital Saint-Louis and the beautiful island of Gorée.

Senegal - Top Africa

Top destinations in East Africa

Top places in Eastern Africa include Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Madagascar and the top cities include Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, and Djibouti.

Ethiopia

Ethiopia is an amazing country to explore with plenty of amazing destinations such as Gondar, the country ancient capital , the Churches built in the rock in Lalibela, the Ruins of the ancient city Aksum in north-eastern Ethiopia and the Simien National Park in the north-eastern mountainous region.

Ethiopia - Top Africa

Kenya

Kenya is perhaps the most known of all the Eastern African countries, mainly due to the variety of safari offered within amongst other the Amboseli National reserve and the Masai Mara Game Reserve.  Other amazing natural wonders include the Lake Turkana and its crocodiles north of Nairobi, the volcanoes, hot springs and birds in the Rift Valley in the Kenyan Highlands, the Lake Nakuru National Park and its Flamingos, Mount Kenya, the mountain of brightness, the elephant caves at Mount Elgon National Park, the Lugards Falls and the Tsavo National Park.

Kenya - Top Africa

Tanzania

Tanzania is a  land of remarkable beauty with key sites including the mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa  with an elevation of 5,895m, the island of Zanzibar also known as “the Spice Island”, the Serengeti National Park and its migration of wildebeests and zebras, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, knows as the 8th wonder of the world with its 16km diameter volcanic calderas and a variety of wildlife including flamingos and sleeping lions at the Lake Manyara.

Tanzania - Top Africa

Top destinations in South Africa

The top destinations in Southern Africa include Namibia and South Africa.  As for the most exciting cities to visit it include Cape Town and Johannesburg.

South Africa

South Africa is by far the most visited and known of all the Southern African countries.  It is a vast country with widely varying landscapes and an equally diverse population.  It is renowned for its wines and is one of the world’s largest producers of gold. South Africa has a strong economy and is an influential player in African politics.  Some of the key sites include the great Drakensberg Mountains one of the highest in the region, the bridge of the Blyde river Canyon one of the greatest natural wonders of the region, Cape Point and Table Mountain.

South Africa - Top Africa

Namibia

Namibia is a beautiful Southern Africa country with various great destinations to discover including the Okavengo Delta, The Skeleton Coast, Cape Cross Seal Reserve, Spitzkoppe and the Namib Desert.

Namibia - Top Africa

Top 10 cities in Africa

The top 10 most exciting cities to visit in Africa include:

  1. Cape Town
  2. Alexandria
  3. Johannesburg
  4. Marrakech
  5. Dakar
  6. Casablanca
  7. Tunis
  8. Tangier
  9. Fes
  10. Nairobi

About Africa: Essential facts

The following are some important facts about Africa, including population, geography, diversity and economy.

  1. African countries
  2. African population
  3. African geography
  4. African history

African countries

Including Madagascar Africa has 54 states, various island groups and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by Morocco.

African population

Africa is the world’s second most-populous continent after Asia with a billion people , accounting for about 15% of the World’s human population.

African geography

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent after Asia with about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, covering 6% of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area.
Africa’s continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones

African history

Africa, particularly central eastern Africa, is widely regarded within the scientific community to be the origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago,  The earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to ca. 200,000 years ago.