Discover Victorian London, the 19th century capital of the British Empire and the most important political, financial, and trading hubs on the planet. When London became the world’s largest city with its population expanding from 1 million in 1800 to close to 7 million a century later.
- London became the world’s largest city with its population expanding from 1 million in 1800 to close to 7 million a century later
- It became the capital of the British Empire and the most important political, financial, and trading hubs on the planet
- Its central position, was largely unrivalled until the latter part of the century, when Paris and New York City began to threaten its dominance
- In the 19th century London was also a city of poverty, as shown the in the Charles Booth’s poverty map
- and immortalized by Charles Dickens novels such as Oliver Twist
- As the heart of a global empire, Victorian London became an immigration magnet with Irish, Jewish, Russian and small Asians community settling in the city
- The Great Exhibition of 1851 was one of the most famous events of 19th-century London showcasing Britain at the height of its Imperial dominance
- In 1890 London laid the foundations for the modern London Underground system with the world’s first subway system
- London’s urbanised area continued to grow rapidly, spreading into Islington, Paddington, Belgravia, Holborn, Finsbury, Shoreditch, Southwark and Lambeth.
- Many famous buildings and landmarks of London were constructed during the 19th century including Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament