The World in 2012 still officially contains 195 countries. Taiwan is still not on the list as it officially a province of the People’s Republic of China, even though it has relations with over 100 countries. The newest created countries include South Sudan, which gained independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011, Kosovo, which declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 and Montenegro which became a country in June
World’s countries map
World’s countries 2012 complete list
The following is the complete list of the 195 world’s countries 2012.
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, AF, Kabul
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country in South-Central Asia. It is bordered by Iran to the west, Pakistan to the south and east, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan to the north, and China in the far northeast. Afghanistan has a long history, being an ancient focal point of the Silk Road. It is today an important geostrategic location, connecting East and West Asia.
Republic of Albania, AL, Tirana
The Republic of Albania is a country in South Eastern Europe bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It lies on the Adriatic Sea coast to the west and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. Tirana is the country’s political and financial capital, home to over 700K of the 3.6 million people state population. In the last decade, free-market reforms have opened the country to foreign investment, especially in the development of energy and transportation infrastructure.
People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, AG, Algiers
The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is a country located in North Africa bordered by Tunisia, Niger, Mali, Mauritania and Morocco. It is considered the largest state on the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria is known as the land of endless sand dunes within the Grand Erg Occidental Desert and its tropical oasis such as the lovely El Golea and Siwa. It is home to splendid Cave paintings in the Tassill N’Ajjer National Park and numerous World Heritage sites such as the Romans ruins in Djemila within the Ahaggar Mountains.
Principality of Andorra, AN, Andorra la Vella
The Principality of Andorra is a tiny mountainous country within Europe’s Pyrenees Mountains. It is strategically located between France and Spain’s Iberian Peninsula. It has a total population of around 70K people within 464 km2 and its capital city is Andorra la Vella.
Argentine Republic, AR, Buenos Aires
The Argentine Republic is the largest and one of the most prosperous countries in South Americas. It is best known for its vibrant cities such as Buenos Aires and for its carnival such as the Santa Cruz Carnival. Other key sights include the Perito Moreno, Patagonia, the Iguazu Falls and Trancosco.
Republic of Armenia, AM, Yerevan
The Republic of Armenia is considered the world’s first Christian country established in 301 AD, some 1,700 years ago. It is a unique state being the only remaining one from 3,000 year old maps of Anatolia. Strategically located between Asia and Europe, it is bordered by Turkey, Georgia, Iran and Azerbaijan. It has a very rich culture and hospitable people. It is also well known for its micro climates especially around the Lake Sevan.
Commonwealth of Australia, AS, Canberra
The Commonwealth of Australia is best known for its easygoing, laidback and welcoming people. It is also well known for its sandy coasts, being a surfers and diver’s paradise especially within the Great Barrier Reef, the world’s most extensive coral reef system. Other key Australia sights include the Ayers Rock of Uluru, the numeours National Parks such as Kakadu and Noosa, the jewels of the Whitsunday islands, the Yara Valley vineyards and some amazing cities such as Canberra and Sydney.
Republic of Austria, AU, Vienna
Austria is blessed with a remarkable natural beauty with plenty of small villages set in the heart of the Austrian mountains. Other key attractions include the Carillon and the Clock tower in Graz, and Vienna the iconic capital of 18th century classical music.
Republic of Azerbaijan, AJ, Baku
The Republic of Azerbaijan is a country located in the Caucasus, lying on the Caspian Sea, bordered by Georgia, Armenia, Russia and Iran.
Commonwealth of the Bahamas, BF, Nassau
The Commonwealth of the Bahamas which name can be translated to Shallow Water is a splendid archipelago within the Caribbean. It consists of some 2,000 islands and is well known for its amazing coral reefs.
Kingdom of Bahrain, BA, Manama
The Kingdom of Bahrain is a small country within the Arabic peninsula. It has one of the most easy-going lifestyle in the gulf and is known for its old pearls in shallow waters industry, contemporary skyscrapers and the Formula 1 Grand Prix event.
People’s Republic of Bangladesh, BG, Dhaka
The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a small but very populous country East of India. It is often considered one of the last remains of authentic culture in Asia. Some of Bangladesh’s best known destinations include the ancient sites in Bagerhat the bustling city of Old Dhaka and the canals of Sunderbans.
Barbados, BB, Bridgetown
The Barbados is an island in the Caribbean, located to the northeast of Venezuela. It is often referred to as the Little Britain of the Caribbean because of its long association as a British colony.
Republic of Belarus, BO, Minsk
The Republic of Belarus is a large country within Eastern Europe bordered by Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. Its capital city is Minsk, and other important destinations include the Western regional capital of Brest with impressive architectural sights and the towns of Gomel, Grodno, Nesvizh, Sharkovshchina, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Mahiljou and Mahilyow.
Kingdom of Belgium, BE, Brussels
The Kingdom of Belgium is a small country in Western Europe squeezed between France and the Netherlands. It is renowned for its capital city of Brussels as well as many charming medieval towns such as Bruges with its narrow streets and canals.
Belize, BH, Belmopan
Belize is a small country in Central America located between Guatemala to the west and south and Mexico to the north. It is the only state in the region with English as its official language being once the British colony of Honduras. It is best known for its long Caribbean coast and its native Maya influence.
Republic of Benin, BN, Porto-Novo
The Republic of Benin is a country in West Africa bordering Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north.
Kingdom of Bhutan, BT, Thimphu
The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small country in Central Asia bordered by China and India. It lives in a time of its own within the splendours of the Himalaya and is perhaps the most mystique country in the world.
Plurinational State of Bolivia, BL, La Paz (administrative) & Sucre (legislative/judiciary)
The Plurinational State of Bolivia is a beautiful, multiethnic and landlocked country in the heart of South America bordered by Chile, Peru, Argentina and Paraguay. It is often referred to as the Tibet of the Americas, being one of the most isolated states in the western hemisphere and the one with the most pure Native American ancestry. It is famous for being home to the world’s highest navigable lake, the Lake Titicaca, as well as for its charming cities including Sucre and La Paz.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina, BK, Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a European country located within the Balkan Peninsula bordering Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro. It is mostly composed of a mountainous terrain but also has access to a tiny portion of the Adriatic Sea coastline in the south. It was formerly part of Yugoslavia but gained independence in 1992.
The Republic of Botswana, BC, Gaborone
The Republic of Botswana is a land-locked country located in Southern Africa bordered by Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Zambia. It gained its independence in 1966 and became one of the strongest states in the region, influenced by its booming tourism and diamond mining industry. Botswana is famous for its wildlife, especially around the areas of the Chobe National Park, Moremi National Park and the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. The country is also known for its shared Kalahari Desert home to most of the world’s San bushman population.
Federative Republic of Brazil, BR, Brasília
Federative Republic of Brazil is one of the largest and strongest economies within South America. It is best known for its exciting cities, idyllic beaches, including Rio de Janeiro, Ilha Grande, Barra Grande, Fernando De Noronha, Buzios, Florianopolis, Jericoacoara and Monte Verde and Salvador.
Brunei Darussalam, BX, Bandar Seri Begawan
The state of Brunei Darussalam is a small country within the Southeast Asia and one of the wealthiest monarchy rule state in the region. It is best known for its Ulu Temburong national park, Kampung Ayer water villages and the Brunei Museum, home to the past ruling monarchs.
Republic of Bulgaria, BU, Sofia
The Republic of Bulgaria is a Balkans country on the coast of the Black Sea surrounded by Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece and Turkey. It is a beautiful nation offering lots of activities, fabulous sights and amazing beaches.
Burkina Faso, UV, Ouagadougou
Burkina Faso formerly known as Upper Volta is a landlocked country in West Africa. It is bordered by Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d’Ivoire to the south west.
Union of Burma, BM, Rangoon & Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
The Union of Burma also referred to as Burma or Myanmar is a unique country in Southeast Asia. It is located on the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea coast, between the states of Bangladesh and India to the west, China to the north, and Laos and Thailand to the east.
Republic of Burundi, BY, Bujumbura
The Republic of Burundi is a small country in East Africa, with some cultural and geographical ties with Central Africa. It is surrounded by Rwanda, Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Cambodia: Kingdom of Cambodia, CB, Phnom Penh
The Kingdom of Cambodia is the land of the most magnificent temples in Southeast Asia, especially around Angkor Wat known as the biggest religious temple in the world. Other key destinations include the intriguing capital of Phnom Penh and the isolated tropical paradise of Sihanoukville on the on the southern coast.
Republic of Cameroon, CM, Yaoundé
The Republic of Cameroon is a large country in West Africa bordered by Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo. It is often referred to as Africa in miniature with its mix of Muslim, Christian, French and English influence. It is also known for its breathtaking natural beauty being home to the desert plains, rain forest, high plateau and mountains including one of the tallest peaks in the region.
Canada, CA, Ottawa
Canada is the world’s second largest country and one offering amazing natural beauty. It is famous for the Rockies Mountain and British Columbia on the west side, the multicultural metropolis of Toronto at its heart and the unique French speaking province of Quebec on the eastern side.
Republic of Cape Verde, CV, Praia
The Republic of Cape Verde is an island country off the coast of Senegal in West Africa. It is part of the region of Islands collectively known as Macaronesia within the Atlantic Ocean.
Central African Republic
Central African Republic, CT, Bangui
The Central African Republic is at the geographic heart of Africa, bordered by Cameroon to the west, Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the east, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of the Congo to the south.
Republic of Chad, CD, N’Djamena
Chad is a country in the Sahel within Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the North, Sudan to the East, Central African Republic to the South, Niger, Nigeria and Cameroon to the west.
Republic of Chile, CI, Santiago
Chile is one of the most amazing destinations in South America stretching for over 5,000 km on the bank of the Pacific Ocean.
People’s Republic of China, CH, Beijing
China remains one of the most unique world’s countries combining thousands years old tradition with a booming economy. It has indeed one of the fastest growing world economies and there is no sign of slowing back. Some of its greatest attractions include China’s Great Wall, the spectacular Terracotta Army and some of the largest and most dynamic cities on the planet such as Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing.
Republic of Colombia, CO, Bogotá
The Republic of Colombia is a country in South America bordered by Panama to the North, Venezuela to the east, and Ecuador, Peru and Brazil to the South. It is the only country in South America with coastlines on both to the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.
Union of the Comoros, CN, Moroni
The Union of the Comoros is an island nation off the coast of East Africa, in the Indian Ocean between northern Mozambique and northern Madagascar.
Republic of the Congo, CF, Brazzaville
The Republic of the Congo also referred to as Congo-Brazzaville or simply Congo is a country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda.
Democratic Republic of the Congo, CG, Kinshasa
The Democratic Republic of the Congo often shortened to DRC or Congo-Kinshasa is the largest and most populous country in Central Africa. It is surrounded by Angola, the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and Zambia.
Republic of Costa Rica, CS, San José
Costa Rica is best known as the land of natural diversity, home to rain forests, amazing Caribbean and Pacific beaches, spectacular high mountains, marshy lowlands and volcanoes.
Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, IV, Yamoussoukro
The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire is a country in West Africa facing the North Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Liberia and Guinea. It is known for its amazing National Parks including the Taï National Park, the Comoe National Park and the Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve which are part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Republic of Croatia, HR, Zagreb
The Croatian coast is becoming an increasing popular summer holiday destination, especially on the Makarska Riviera facing the clear waters of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the land of hidden coves and hillside greenery ideal for nature lovers, as well as the perfect place to enjoy more cultural experiences, with numerous UNESCO listed treasures including the most famous places of Dubrovnik, Zagreb and Split.
Republic of Cuba, CU, Havana
Cuba is best known as the jewel of the Caribbean’s with its idyllic beaches, laid back atmosphere and vibrant music. This authentic island and its capital Havana will set you back to another area.
Republic of Cyprus, CY, Nicosia
The Republic of Cyprus is an island nation within the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Although the island is geographically in Asia it is politically a European country and is a member of the European Union.
Czech Republic: Czech Republic, EZ, Prague
The Czech Republic is one of the smallest countries in Eastern Europe but perhaps one of the most charming. At its heart lies the beautiful capital Prague with its fabulous medieval architecture with key sites such as the Cesky Krumlov Castle and the Charles Bridge. The country is also famous for Spa towns such as Brno and Janske Lazne, and other towns such as Karlstejn and Konopiste known for their grand medieval castles.
Kingdom of Denmark, DA, Copenhagen
The Kingdom of Denmark is an exciting small country in North Europe with its wonderful capital city of Copenhagen and the Tivoli Gardens considered the country’s most popular tourist attraction.
Republic of Djibouti, DJ, Djibouti
The Republic of Djibouti is a small country in East Africa strategically located at the bank of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is bordered by Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia and can be divided into three regions including the coastal plain, the volcanic plateaus and the northern mountain ranges.
Commonwealth of Dominica, DO, Roseau
The Commonwealth of Dominica is a Caribbean island state located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. It is often named as the Nature Island of the Caribbean due to its spectacular, lush, and varied flora and fauna, which are protected by an extensive natural park system. It is also considered the most mountainous island of the Lesser Antilles, with its numerous volcanic peaks such as the Boiling Lake, the second-largest thermally active lake in the world.
Dominican Republic, DR, Santo Domingo
The Dominican Republic is a Caribbean country that occupies the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola, also shared by Haiti. It is strategically located between the North Atlantic Ocean to the North and the Caribbean Sea to the south.
Republic of Ecuador, EC, Quito
The Republic of Ecuador is a small country within the North-western part of South America, facing the Pacific Ocean and bordered by Colombia and Peru. It is famous for the Galapagos Islands, located hundreds kilometres off the coast, Cotopaxi the world’s highest active volcano and many cities and sites listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as Cuenca.
Arab Republic of Egypt, EG, Cairo
The Republic of Egypt is perhaps one of the most visited destinations in Africa, offering a variety of cultural attractions, from the famous temple of Ramses II near Aswan to the Valley of the Kings and the Temple of Karnack in Luxor, passing by the great Pyramid of Giza and the Sphinx. Egypt is also home to the White Desert and the Mount Sinai, where some believe was the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments.
Republic of El Salvador, ES, San Salvador
The republic of El Salvador is a small country in Central America with a long coastline on the Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Guatemala to the North, Honduras to the East and Nicaragua to the South.
Republic of Equatorial Guinea, EK, Malabo
The Republic of Equatorial is a small country in West Africa bordered by Cameroon and Gabon. It is divided into the mainland and the islands within the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the largest oil producing countries in Sub-Sahara.
State of Eritrea, ER, Asmara
The State of Eritrea is a country in East Africa on the bank of the Red Sea, located between Sudan, Djibouti and Ethiopia
Republic of Estonia, EN, Tallinn
The Republic of Estonia is a Baltic state within north-eastern Europe bordered by Latvia and Russia. With a coastline on the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, Estonia also has a sea border with Finland and Sweden.
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, ET, Addis Ababa
The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a less known but amazing country to be discovered. It offers an abundance of amazing destinations such as Gondar, the country ancient capital, the Churches built in rock in Lalibela, the Ruins of the ancient city Aksum in north-eastern Ethiopia and the Simien National Park in the north-eastern mountainous region.
Republic of Fiji, FJ, Suva
The Republic of Fiji is a Melanesian country within the South Pacific Ocean, half way between Hawaii and New Zealand. It consists of an archipelago that includes 332 islands, a handful of which make up most of the land area and approximately 110 of which are inhabited.
Republic of Finland, FI, Helsinki
The Republic of Finland is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe bordered by Russia, Norway and Sweden. It is a thoroughly modern welfare state with well-planned and comfortable small towns and cities, and offering vast areas of unspoiled nature. It has over 180,000 lakes and similar number of islands. It is best known for its Northern Lights which can be seen in the northernmost part of the country.
French Republic, FR, Paris
France is one of the best choices of holiday in Europe, being only a short flight or train from Britain or other continental destinations. The capital Paris is one of the most beautiful and most visited cities on the Old Continent. And if you are looking to spend some time near the sea, then the French Riviera in the south is the place to be.
Gabonese Republic, GB, Libreville
The Gabonese Republic is a small country in Western Central Africa on the Atlantic Ocean coast. It is bordered by the Equator, the Republic of the Congo, the Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon. It is considered one of Africa’s wealthier countries blessed with oil, mineral reserves and pristine rain forest.
Republic of Gambia, GA, Banjul
The Republic of Gambia is the smallest country on the African continent, occupying the navigable length of the Gambia River. It is surrounded by hills and the country of Senegal and bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean coastline to the west. The country can be divided into Western Gambia the area near the mouth of the river, and Upriver Gambia the less populated region to the east only visited by the more adventurous types. Some of the key sites to be discovered include Juffureh and the Bandiagra Plateau.
Georgia, GG, Tbilisi
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus in Central Asia at the eastern banks of the Black Sea. It is bordered by Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia.
Federal Republic of Germany, GM, Berlin
Germany is another country with plenty of cultural and historical sites to be discovered from the port town of Breman and its Market Place to the vibrant lifestyle of Berlin, the historic capital of Germany. The Cathedral at Cologne is also worth exploring, so is the magical Black Forest in a beautiful alpine surroundings and the world most famous castle of Neuschwanstein in the Bavarian Alps. Finally Germany is all about its beer variety, especially during Oktoberfest in Bavaria.
Republic of Ghana, GH, Accra
The Republic of Ghana is a country in West Africa bordered by Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo. It is an ideal destination for first time travellers to Africa, being a very friendly, helpful and welcoming country with a laidback attitude. Tourism in Ghana is growing very quickly, and more tour operators are seeing increased requests for Ghana as a travel destination.
Hellenic Republic, GR, Athens
Greece is another of Europe top holiday destinations, famous for a multitude of paradise islands such as the breathtaking Santorini. It is known to be the cradle of Western civilisation and home to some of the world’s most splendid architecture including many classical area monuments such as the Parthenon in Athens. Greece is also the land of good food, olive oil and wines.
Grenada, GJ, Saint George’s
Grenada is a group of islands in the Caribbean between Trinidad and Tobago to the north and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the South. It is composed of three larger islands including Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique, as well as several tiny islands. It is known as the Spice Isle being a major source of nutmeg, cloves, ginger, cinnamon and cocoa.
Republic of Guatemala, GT, Guatemala
The Republic of Guatemala is a small country within South America with a rich and distinctive culture mixing Spanish and native Mayan influences. It is blessed with natural beauty with its Pacific coastline to the southwest and a tiny piece of Caribbean coastline to the east, and offers numerous breathtaking sites.
Republic of Guinea, GV, Conakry
The Republic of Guinea is a country in West Africa and former French colony. It borders Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south.
Republic of Guinea-Bissau, PU, Bissau
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa, former Portuguese colony and bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east.
Co-operative Republic of Guyana, GY, Georgetown
The Co-operative Republic of Guyana is a small country in north-eastern South America with an Atlantic Ocean coastline in the northeast. It lies between Suriname to the east, Venezuela to the west, and Brazil to the south.
Republic of Haiti, HA, Port-au-Prince
The Republic of Haiti is a Caribbean country that occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola shared with the Dominican Republic. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean Sea to the south. It has a troubled past and is today considered the poorest nation in the western hemisphere.
Holy See, VT, Vatican City
The Holy See which encompasses the Vatican City state is one of the world’s smallest states located in the heart of Roma. It is considered the center of Catholicism and is known for the Late Renaissance Papal Basilica of Saint Peter.
Republic of Honduras, HO, Tegucigalpa
The Republic of Honduras is best known for its great beaches and coral reefs where snorkelling and diving are exceptional by any standards.
Hungary, HU, Budapest
The Republic of Hungary is a beautiful country set in the heart of Eastern Europe which is slowly becoming one of the most sought after destinations. It is a wonderful place with great people, mixing various influences and cultures. Hungary is home to some of the most amazing natural wonders such as the Lake Balaton, known as Europe’s biggest lake and the Tokaj wine region which produce some of Hungary best white and sweet dessert wines. The capital Budapest is also one of the most beautiful of all European cities.
Republic of Iceland, IC, Reykjavík
The Republic of Iceland is one of the most unique destinations within the northern hemisphere. It is a mountainous island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and North America. It is known for its breathtaking natural beauty with its geothermal hot-spots and glaciers which cover about a tenth of the island.
Republic of India, IN, New Delhi
The Republic of India is the land of charming people and a variety of colours, smells, religions and landscapes. It is perhaps one of the world’s most life changing countries. It is packed with cultural, religious and natural sites including some of the world’s most dynamic cities such as Mumbai and Delhi, the spectacular Taj Mahal mausoleum in Agra, the charming Portuguese influenced Kochi, the French inspired Chennai and the incredible Himalayan mountain region.
Republic of Indonesia, ID, Jakarta
The Republic of Indonesia is one of the most diverse counties in Southeast Asia offering various experiences, with its unique landscapes, wildlife and culture. Some of Indonesia’s top experiences include the Buddhist monument of Java on the peaks of Borobudur, the Tanjug Putting national park in Kalimantan’s and the exceptional waters and coral reef off Maluku’s Banda Islands.
Islamic Republic of Iran, IR, Tehran
The Islamic Republic of Iran is a large country between the Middle East and Central Asia, strategically set between the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. It is bordered by Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Republic of Iraq, IZ, Baghdad
Ireland, EI, Dublin
Ireland is home to breathtaking scenery and rocky cliffs of the Dingle Peninsula. It is the ideal place to enjoy a couple of pints and traditional music in one of many Dublin’s Pubs.
State of Israel, IS, Jerusalem
The State of Israel is a small yet diverse country in the Middle East with a long coastline on the eastern Mediterranean Sea and a small window on the Red Sea at the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). It is bordered by Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest, by Jordan and the West Bank to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north.
Italian Republic, IT, Rome
The Italian Republic is one of the world’s most beautiful countries packed with an abundance of natural and cultural sites. Some of its best attractions include the fabulous mountainous regions to the north, the beautiful beaches of Sicily and charming cities of Venice, Naples or Rome. Whatever you dream holiday looks like, from discovering ancient architecture or relaxing by a lake, the charming country of Italy has it all.
Jamaica, JM, Kingston
Jamaica is a beautiful island nation within the Caribbean. It is located to the south of Cuba and to the west of the island of Hispaniola and remains a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as Head of State. It is the third most populous Anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada, with a population of almost 3 million people.
Japan, JA, Tokyo
Japan is the world’s most high tech country with the ability to still preserve its traditions. Some of Japan’s top destinations include the vibrant cities of Tokyo and Osaka and the great Buddha of Nara.
Kingdom of Jordan, JO, Amman
The Kingdom of Jordan might be one of the most peaceful countries surrounded with tough neighbours. Its top destinations include the Roman ruins of Jerash, the city of Amman and the beautiful waters off the coast of Aqaba.
Republic of Kazakhstan, KZ, Astana
The Republic of Kazakhstan is the biggest country in central Asia, with its nomadic and horse people past combined with one of the world’s largest oil reserves. Its top destinations include the Kol Say lakes, the Kozha Akhmed Yasaui Mausoleum and the booming cities of Almaty and Astana.
Republic of Kenya, KE, Nairobi
Kenya is perhaps the most known of all the Eastern African countries, mainly due to the variety of safari offered within amongst other the Amboseli National reserve and the Masai Mara Game Reserve. Other amazing natural wonders include the Lake Turkana and its crocodiles north of Nairobi, the volcanoes, hot springs and birds in the Rift Valley in the Kenyan Highlands, the Lake Nakuru National Park and its Flamingos, Mount Kenya, the mountain of brightness, the elephant caves at Mount Elgon National Park, the Lugards Falls and the Tsavo National Park.
Republic of Kiribati, KR, Tarawa
The Republic of Kiribati is an island group in Micronesia composed of 33 atolls dispersed over an area of 3.5 million km². It is famous for being the place where the day first rises.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, KN, Pyongyang
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, simply known as North Korea is one of the most unique country in East Asia. It occupies the northern half of the Korean Peninsula, lying between the Korea Bay and the Sea of Japan. It borders China to the north, Russia to the northeast and South Korea to the south. Tourist travel to North Korea is only possible as part of a guided tour, as independent travel is not permitted.
South: Republic of Korea, KS, Seoul
South Korea is a remarkable country with Asia with its own special touch. South Korea top destinations include the chaotic Seoul, the fortress in Suwon City, the Jjim Jjobang hot spring spa and the Jejudo honeymoon island.
Republic of Kosovo, KV, Pristina
The Republic of Kosovo is one of the newest declared states located in South Eastern Europe. It borders Albania to the west, Montenegro to the northwest, Macedonia to the south, and Serbia to the northeast.
State of Kuwait, KU, Kuwait
The State of Kuwait is one of the most dynamic countries in the Middle region, strategically located at the entrance of the Arabian Gulf and bordered by Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Kuwait top destinations include its south-eastern beaches, the capital Kuwait city and the Al-Hashemi II known as the world’s largest wooden boat.
Kyrgyz Republic, KG, Bishkek
The Kyrgyz Republic is perhaps the most welcoming republic in Central Asia, with its welcoming people and spectacular landscape of mountains and yurts. Kyrgyzstan top destinations include the Osh bazaar, the lake Issyk-Kul and the magnificent blue waters of the Band-emir Lakes.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic, LA, Vientiane
Lao People’s Democratic Republic is a small country in South East Asia squeezed between Thailand’s and Vietnam. It is considered one of the most laid back places on the planet with a very ecological approach.
Republic of Latvia, LG, Riga
The Republic of Latvia is a north eastern European country located off the coast of the Baltic Sea. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east and Belarus on the south east. It is best known for the capital Riga, a World Heritage Site and the Baltic’s region most cosmopolitan city. Other interesting destinations include the unique former secret military town of Karosta, Europe’s widest waterfall at Kuldiga and the medieval castle ruins of Cesis.
Lebanese Republic, LE, Beirut
The Republic of Lebanon is a small country within the Middle East region with its capital being Beirut. It has a long coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and shares a long land border with its much larger neighbour Syria to the north and the east, a much shorter border with Israel to the south.
Kingdom of Lesotho, LT, Maseru
The Kingdom of Lesotho is a country within the Southern part of Africa totally surrounded by South Africa. It is often referred to as the Kingdom in the Sky because of its lofty altitude being the only country to be entirely above 1000m.
Republic of Liberia, LI, Monrovia
Liberia is a country located in West Africa and bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire. Its history is closely linked to the United States with even its flag closely resembling the American flag. Its capital city is Monrovia, named after James Monroe.
Libya, LY, Tripoli
Libya is blessed with a great historical heritage with plenty of cultural site to be discovered including the greatest Romans ruins in Cyrene and the Roman amphitheatre in Leptis Magna.
Principality of Liechtenstein, LS, Vaduz
The Principality of Liechtenstein is a small west European country located in the Alps between Switzerland and Austria. It enjoys a very high standard of living and is home to some incredibly beautiful mountain scenery. The state commercial, financial and political center is the modern capital of Vaduz.
Republic of Lithuania, LH, Vilnius
The Republic of Lithuania is a small country in Northern Europe located on the bank of the Baltic Sea and surrounded by Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia (Kaliningrad). It has a long history, spanning over eight hundred years and once (during the 15th century) considered the largest state in Europe, where crafts and overseas trade prospered.
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, LU, Luxembourg
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a landlocked country strategically located in the Benelux region of Western Europe. It is the only Grand Duchy in the world, one of the world’s richest states and is the second-smallest of the European Union member states. It is famous for its finance and high technology industry, as well as for its breathtaking natural beauty.
Republic of Macedonia, MK, Skopje
The Republic of Macedonia is a landlocked country in the Balkans bordered by Serbia and the disputed region of Kosovo, Albania, Bulgaria and Greece. It is considered one of Europe’s last undiscovered countries, with its natural wonders composed of lakes, rivers and mountains and historical ruins and idyllic villages that have remained practically unchanged for centuries. It has a fascinating mix of Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, and Mediterranean influences.
Republic of Madagascar, MA, Antananarivo
The Republic of Madagascar is a large island state in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Eastern Africa. It is considered the world’s fourth largest island and is known for its natural beauty.
Republic of Malawi, MI, Lilongwe
The Republic of Malawi is a country in Southern part of Africa, bordered by Mozambique to the south and east, Tanzania to the north, Zambia to the west. It is often referred to as the Warm Heart of Africa because of it welcoming and friendly people. It is home to the Lake Malawi, the third largest lake in Africa.
Malaysia, MY, Kuala Lumpur
Malaysia is a unique destination in Southeast Asia with a diversified environment, people and culture. Malaysia’s top destinations include the beautiful sandy beaches of Pulau Perhentian, the exceptional waters of the Tun Sakaran Marine Park and the Mt Kinabalu Mountain.
Republic of Maldives, MV, Male
The Republic of Maldives is one of the world’s remaining tropical paradises. Some of its top sights include its numerous idyllic sandy beaches and the tiny capital of Male.
Republic of Mali, ML, Bamako
The Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in Western Africa surrounded by Mauritania, Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, and Senegal. Although it remains one of the poorest countries in the area, it has some incredible sights, including four UNESCO World-Heritage sites and the historic city of Timbuktu.
Republic of Malta, MT, Valletta
The Republic of Malta is a small island country located south of the island of Sicily within the Mediterranean Sea. The archipelago is composed of various islands with only the biggest being inhabited including Malta, Gozo and Comino.
Marshall Islands, RM, Majuro
The Republic of the Marshall Islands is a group of atolls and reefs in the Pacific Ocean, about half-way between Hawaii and Australia.
Islamic Republic of Mauritania, MR, Nouakchott
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa bordering Algeria, Senegal, Mali, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara. It is a land of astonish natural beauty including the UNESCO protected area of Banc d’Arguin and the desert in the Adrar and Tagant areas.
Republic of Mauritius, MP, Port Louis
The Republic of Mauritius is a small, multicultural island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar and southeast of the Seychelles. Mauritius also controls Rodrigues Island and the remote, sparsely populated Agalega and Cargados Garayos (Saint Brandon) islands.
United Mexican States, MX, Mexico
The United Mexican States is one of the biggest states in Hispanic Americas. It has plenty to offer with its unique food, pyramids, museums, Haciendas and 6,000 miles of shoreline. It offers some of the world’s most sought after holiday destinations including Acapulco, Cancun, Cozumel, Los Cabos and Patzcuaro.
Federated States of Micronesia, FM, Palikir
The Federated States of Micronesia is a groups of islands located within the north-western region of Oceania. It includes some of the world’s most idyllic destinations such as Kiribati, Nauru, Northern Mariana Islands and Palau.
Republic of Moldova, MD, Chisinau
The Republic of Moldova is a small land-locked country in Eastern Europe, north of the Balkans, surrounded by Romania to the southwest and Ukraine to the northeast.
Principality of Monaco, MN, Monaco
The principality of Monaco lies in between the Alps and the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by the French Riviera to the west and the Italian Riviera to the east.
Mongolia, MG, Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia is one of the most humble states in Northeast Asia with an incomparable remarkable wild beauty.
Montenegro, MJ, Podgorica
Montenegro is a country in the Balkans on the banks of the Adriatic Sea and bordered by Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo to the east, and Albania to the south. The tourism industry has been booming since the last couple of years.
Kingdom of Morocco, MO, Rabat
Morocco is one of Africa’s most charming and welcoming destinations offering plenty of excitement for the visitors. There are plenty of great cities to be discovered such as the capital Casablanca and the unique red city of Marrakesh and its grandiose Djemaa el-Fna central place, as well as plenty of other key sites such as the Moroccan Versailles in Fes-Fez el Bali, the caves of Hercules and the prehistoric rock carvings in Tafaraoute and the Anti-Atlas Mountains. Other key places worth mentioning include the coastal town of Sidi Ifni and its art deco architecture in the place Hassan II, the Plaza Uta El Hammam where to enjoy a delicious mint tea or look at the stars in Ait-Ben-Haddoum, a Moroccan version of Hollywood.
Republic of Mozambique, MZ, Maputo
The Republic of Mozambique is a large country in Southern Africa with its entire eastern coast facing the Indian Ocean, making it the ideal place for sailors, scuba divers and beach lovers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Tanzania to the north and has inland borders with Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Swaziland.
Republic of Namibia, WA, Windhoek
The Republic of Namibia is a beautiful Southern Africa country with a variety of great destinations to be discovered including the Okavengo Delta, the Skeleton Coast, Cape Cross Seal Reserve, Spitzkoppe and the Namib Desert.
Republic of Nauru, NR, Yaren District (no capital city)
The Republic of Nauru is a small island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands. It is considered the world’s smallest independent republic.
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, NP, Kathmandu
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal located in the Himalaya chain, is the Mecca for mountain travellers. Some of its top destinations include the Annapurna Everest Base camp, the Bhote Khosi River and the fantastic temples in Kathmandu.
Kingdom of the Netherlands, NL, Amsterdam & The Hague (seat of gov’t)
The Netherland makes for an ideal short holiday. Indeed it has some of Europe’s friendliest and welcoming people, famous for knowing how to have a great time. The country is extremely flat making it an ideal place for cycling or walking. Amsterdam, the capital, known for being the Venice of the north with its network of canals, offers a rich cultural, architectural and artistic heritage.
New Zealand, NZ, Wellington
New Zealand is a country of stunning and diverse natural beauty which includes mountains, steep fiords, pristine lakes, raging rivers, scenic beaches and active volcanic features. The islands are one of Earth’s richest flora zones and are inhabited by some unique fauna, including many flightless birds such as the kiwi, which is the national symbol. The Maori culture continues to play an important part in everyday New Zealand life, and there are abundant opportunities for the visitor to understand and experience the history and the present day form of Maori life.
Republic of Nicaragua, NU, Managua
The Republic of Nicaragua is an amazing country in Central America with coastlines on both the Caribbean Sea to the east and the North Pacific Ocean to the west. It is known as a land of beauty and richness offering eco-tourism, adventure, beach, colonial cities, nightlife, and a low cost of living.
Republic of Niger, NG, Niamey
The Republic of Niger is an arid, landlocked country of the Sahel in North Africa, bordered by Algeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, Chad and Libya. It is a former French colony which was granted independence in 1960. The land is mostly desert plains and dunes, with rolling savannah in the southeast.
Federal Republic of Nigeria, NI, Abuja
The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in equatorial West Africa. It is the continent’s most populous nation, largest oil producer and the third largest economy. It is bordered by the Gulf of Guinea and Benin to the west, Cameroon to the southeast, Chad to the northeast, and Niger to the north.
Kingdom of Norway, NO, Oslo
The Kingdom of Norway is the westernmost, northernmost and even easternmost of the three Scandinavian countries. It is best known for its complex and deep fjords along its west coast. It is bordered by the North Sea to the South, the Norwegian Sea to the west and north, and Sweden, northern Finland and Russia to the East.
Sultanate of Oman, MU, Muscat
The Sultanate of Oman is a modern country with traditional values located in the South part of the Arabic peninsula. It is a state immensely rich in natural and cultural beauty. Some of Oman top sites include the lost beauty of the destroyed Buddha’s of Bamiyan and the magnificent blue waters of the Band-emir Lakes.
Islamic Republic of Pakistan, PK, Islamabad
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a land of colours and beauty, with various ancient ruins, beautiful mountains and legendary trekking routes remaining of its tribal cultures. Some of Pakistan top destinations include the remaining ruins of the ancient city of Mohenjo-Daro, the Baltistan Mountains and the beautiful Hindu Kush valley.
Republic of Palau, PS, Melekeok
The Republic of Palau is a group of islands located within the Micronesia region of Oceania to the southeast of the Philippines. It gained its independence in 1978 rather than joining the Federated States of Micronesia
Republic of Panama, PM, Panama
The Republic of Panama is the strategic land bridge connecting North with South America as well as the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean. It is considered one of the most important shipping routes in the world
Papua New Guinea
Independent State of Papua New Guinea, PP, Port Moresby
Independent State of Papua New Guinea is an island nation in Oceania. There is evidence of human settlement as long ago as 35,000 years.
Republic of Paraguay, PA, Asunción
The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America bordering Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. The country is rich in natural resources being the world’s largest drinking water reservoir (Guarani Aquifer) and the biggest hydroelectric producer (The Itaipú Dam).
Republic of Peru, PE, Lima
The Republic of Peruis a country in South America, situated on the western side of that continent, facing the South Pacific Ocean and straddling part of the Andes mountain range that runs the length of South America. Peru is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. Peru is a country that has a diversity and wealth not common in the world. The main attractions are their archaeological patrimony of pre-Columbian cultures and the center of Inca’s Empire, their gastronomy, their colonial architecture and their natural resources.
Republic of the Philippines, RP, Manila
The Philippines is the Southeast Asian country with the most islands with no less than 7000 of them. Philippines top experiences include the Coron Bay home to the sunken Japanese war ships, the rice terraces of the Cordillera Mountains and the capital city of Manila.
Republic of Poland, PL, Warsaw
Poland is one of the less known holiday destination in Europe. It is however gaining some popularity, especially by those that want to experience something a bit different. From the charming cities of Gdansk on the Baltic Sea coast to the breathtaking natural beauty of the Carpathian Mountains in the South, passing by the unique wilderness of the Bialowieza National Park or the Great Malsurian Lakes to the East, the country has something for everyone. Most of the Polish cities were destroyed during the Second War, but miraculously the city of Krakow remained untouched. It is therefore not a surprise that it is today the most visited place in Poland offering much in cultural attractions as well as numerous places for party lovers.
Portuguese Republic, PO, Lisbon
Portugal offers some of the best weather in Europe along with thousands of kilometres of beautiful coastline blessed with sandy beaches. The heart of the country is worth visiting as well, with many picture perfect towns, ideal to get away from it all. Portugal is an excellent choice for golf lovers with plenty of excellent courses to choose from, some even with impressive views over the Atlantic Ocean. If you are looking to spend a wonderful time with friends or family, enjoying great food and succulent local wines then Portugal is definitely the place to choose for your next sunny holiday.
State of Qatar, QA, Doha
The State of Qatar is another fashionable place in the Middle-East. Its top destinations include the Doha’s cornice, the rock formation at Bir Zekreet and the camel races track in Al-Shahhainiya.
Romania, RO, Bucharest
Romania is a country located north of the Balkan Peninsula on the western shores of the Black Sea. It is a country of great natural beauty and diversity and a rich cultural heritage. Romania enchants visitors with its scenic mountain landscapes and unspoilt rural areas, but also with its historic cities and its busy capital.
Russian Federation, RS, Moscow
Russia is the world’s largest country offering a variety of exciting destination from the famous Winter Palace, in the former Russian capital of St-Petersburg to the Red Square, Kremlin and metro in Moscow passing by the views of the Lake Baial from the Trans-Siberian Express
Republic of Rwanda, RW, Kigali
The Republic of Rwanda is a relatively stable East African country easily accessible from Kenya and Uganda. It is known as the land of a thousand hills, and for its stunning natural beauty, rich in flora, fauna and its breathtaking green savannahs. The country hosts some rare species of animals like the silverback mountain gorillas as well as unique birds and insects in the tropical forest of Nyungwe.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, SC, Basseterre
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis is a pair of tropical islands in the Caribbean, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago. The Islands are known for their remarkable natural beauty with rare tropical bird species and famous monkeys which, it is said, were introduced by the pirates.
Saint Lucia, ST, Castries
Saint Lucia is an island state within the Caribbean, off the coast of Central America. It lies between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. The island is famous for its striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere known as the Twin Pitons.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, VC, Kingstown
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island nation within the Caribbean located north of Trinidad and Tobago. It shares the southernmost Grenadines Islands with the independent island nation of Grenada.
Independent State of Samoa, WS, Apia
The Independent State of Samoa is an island nation within Polynesia in the South Pacific Ocean. It is located half way between Hawaii and New Zealand, and has a volcanic interior.
Republic of San Marino, SM, San Marino
The Republic of San Marino is the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy City and Monaco) surrounded by Italy. It claims to be the world’s oldest republic, founded by the Christian stonemason Marinus in 301 A.D. according to tradition.
Sao Tome and Principe
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, TP, São Tomé
The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe is a small island nation off the Atlantic coast of Central Africa. It is located in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, SA, Riyadh
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a Middle Eastern country that occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula and has coastlines on the Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf and Red Sea. It is bordered by Jordan to the northwest, Iraq and Kuwait to the northeast, Bahrain and Qatar to the east, the United Arab Emirates to the southeast, and Oman and Yemen to the south. It is home to the holy Muslim cities of Mecca and Medina, to which all physically and financially able Muslims are required to make a pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime.
Republic of Senegal, SG, Dakar
The Republic of Senegal is one of the best known Western Africa countries surrounded on one side with the Atlantic Ocean and on the other by Mali, Mauritania and Gambia. Some of Senegal key destinations include the capital Dakar, the former capital Saint-Louis and the beautiful island of Gorée.
Republic of Serbia, RI, Belgrade
The Republic of Serbia is a country located in the Balkans, in Southern Europe. It was a founder and one of six republics forming the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is surrounded by Montenegro to the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Bulgaria to the southeast, Croatia to the northwest, Hungary to the north, Macedonia and Albania (through Kosovo) to the south, and Romania to the northeast. It is situated on one of the major land routes from Central Europe to Turkey and further on to the Near East.
Republic of Seychelles, SE, Victoria
The Republic of Seychelles is a group of 115 islands located in the Indian Ocean off the coast of East Africa and northeast of Madagascar. Only a few of the nation’s islands are inhabited and are home to some of the world’s most luxurious tropical resorts.
Republic of Sierra Leone, SL, Freetown
The Republic of Sierra Leone is a small country within West Africa bordered by Guinea to the North and East, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean with over 400km of coastline to the west. It is known for its capital city of Freetown, Sierra Leone commercial centre and for the Banana Islands, a sought after tourist destination with an idyllic tropical environment.
Republic of Singapore, SN, Singapore
The Republic of Singapore is one of Southeast Asian most dynamic and cosmopolitan city-state with an impressing array of quality shopping, nightlife and Asian cuisine. It is said to be the world’s most globalised city, with a long history of immigration and a big expatriate community. It has today a population of around 5 million consisting of Chinese, Malays, Indians, Caucasians and with about 40% of the city being foreigners both students and workers. It is the world’s second most densely populated city right after Monaco. This cosmopolitan city, which is part of the four East Asian Tigers (with Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan) also play a fundamental role in the finance and international trade world.
Slovak Republic, LO, Bratislava
The Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe surrounded by Austria to the west, Czech Republic to the northwest, Hungary to the south, Poland to the north and Ukraine to the east. It is known for its astonishing natural beauty with nine national parks and Carpathian Mountain Range, vivid history and great opportunities for relaxation
Republic of Slovenia, SI, Ljubljana
The Republic of Slovenia is a country in Central Europe that lies in the eastern Alps at the northern end of the Adriatic Sea, with Austria to the north, Italy to the southwest, Hungary to the northeast and Croatia to the south. It offers a surprising variety of terrain, ranging from the beaches of the Mediterranean to the peaks of the Julian Alps, to the rolling hills of the south.
Solomon Islands, BP, Honiara
The Solomon Islands is an archipelago within the South Pacific east of Papua New Guinea. It is located in a strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea and the Coral Sea.
Somalia, SO, Mogadishu
Somalia is a large coastal country located on the Horn of Africa and bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the north-west, and Kenya on its south-west. This is a country with a troubled past and present, divided between civil war, military coups, border disputes and warlordism.
Republic of South Africa, SF, Pretoria (administrative) & Cape Town (legislative) & Bloemfontein (judiciary)
The Republic of South Africa is by far the most visited of all the Southern African countries. It is a vast country with widely varying landscapes and an equally diverse population. It is renowned for its wines and is one of the world’s largest producers of gold. South Africa has a strong economy and is an influential player in African politics. Some of its key sites include the great Drakensberg Mountains one of the highest in the region, the bridge of the Blyde river Canyon one of the greatest natural wonders of the region, Cape Point and Table Mountain.
Republic of South Sudan, OD, Juba
South Sudan is a country in Central Africa. It was formerly a breakaway region of Sudan and became an independent country on 9 July 2011 after a referendum held at the beginning of the same year. It borders Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic.
Kingdom of Spain, SP, Madrid
Spain is an all time favourite of the best holiday destinations list. It is not a surprise, with one of Europe’s longest and most beautiful coastline, a fascinating culture and an emphasis on good life, with delicious food and great local wines. Not to forget that Spain is renowned to be the party capital of Europe, especially on the Southern islands of Ibiza. With a great weather all year round, Spain has become a favourite destination amongst European, and especially British.
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, CE, Colombo & Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
Sri Lanka offers one of the most exotic and beautiful scenery in the region. Sri Lanka top experiences include the Esala Perahera festival, the green tea plantation on a moppet and the capital city of Colombo.
Republic of Sudan, SU, Khartoum
The Republic of Sudan is the third largest country in Africa and borders Egypt, Eritrea, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Libya, and South Sudan. The Sudanese people are known for their hospitability, and the country has some awesome and remote tourist attractions.
Republic of Suriname, NS, Paramaribo
The Republic of Suriname is a country in the northern part of South America. It has a North Atlantic Ocean coastline in the north and is surrounded by French Guiana to the east, Brazil to the south and Guyana to the west. It is the smallest independent country on the South American continent, with a relatively small population, most of who lives along the coast.
Kingdom of Swaziland, WZ, Mbabane (administrative) & Lobamba (legislative)
The Kingdom of Swaziland is a small landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the west and Mozambique in the east. Swaziland is considered one of the world’s last absolute monarchies and one of Africa’s oldest. It has a well-earned reputation for friendliness and is popular for its numeours large game parks and reserves sponsored by the government.
Kingdom of Sweden, SW, Stockholm
The Kingdom of Sweden is the largest of the Nordic countries, with a population of about 9.3 million. It is bordered by Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark via the bridge of Öresund. The Baltic Sea lies to the east of Sweden, as well as the Gulf of Bothnia, which separates Sweden from most of Finland. The northernmost part of Sweden belongs to the Arctic.
Swiss Confederation, SZ, Bern
The Swiss Confederation is perhaps one of the most charming destinations in the heart of Europe. It is known for its beautiful old cities, the astronomical clock in Bern, luxury watches, quality chocolate, world’s finest boutiques in Geneva and one of the Swiss Alps, one of the largest mountain chains in the world.
Syrian Arab Republic, SY, Damascus
The Syrian Arab Republic is one of the larger states of the Middle East. It has a short coastline on the Mediterranean Sea to the east and is bordered by Turkey, Iraq¸ Jordan, Israel and by Lebanon. Syria top destinations include the roman ruins of Palmyra, the theatres at Bosra’s fortress, the ghost towns, the charming Aleppo and the capital city of Damascus.
Republic of Tajikistan, TI, Dushanbe
The Republic of Tajikistan is located in the most remote corners of Asia. It is known for offering an authentic central Asian adventure with its beautiful mountain scenery, the turquoise lakes in the Fan Mountains and the towns of Korong and Osh.
United Republic of Tanzania, TZ, Dar es Salaam & Dodoma (legislative)
Tanzania is a land of remarkable beauty with key sites including the mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa with an elevation of 5,895m, the island of Zanzibar also known as the Spice Island, the Serengeti National Park and its migration of wildebeests and zebras, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, knows as the 8th wonder of the world with its 16km diameter volcanic calderas and a variety of wildlife including flamingos and sleeping lions at the Lake Manyara.
Kingdom of Thailand, TH, Bangkok
Thailand is by far one of South East Asia’s most visited destinations. It has one of the world’s most magnificence scenery with its picture perfect beaches, azure waters and incredible islands. Its inhabitants are friendly and welcoming, known for their Zen like approach and hedonistic attitude towards life. Some of the Thailand’s greatest destinations include the bustling capital city of Bangkok, the northern charm of Chiang Mai, the popular holiday province of Phuket, the breathtaking Phi Phi Island, the laid back Koh Lanta and the idyllic Gulf of Thailand islands including Koh Samui and Koh Phangan.
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, TT, Dili
East Timor is the world’s newest country, only gaining independence in 2006. Some of the country’s top destinations include the north coast reefs, the Mount Ramelau and the islands of Maubara.
Togolese Republic, TO, Lomé
The Togolese Republic is a narrow country in West Africa, located between Ghana on the west and Benin on the east, with a small border with Burkina Faso to the north. It has a 56km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean to the south.
Kingdom of Tonga, TN, Nuku’alofa
The Kingdom of Tonga known as the Friendly Islands is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean divided into four island groups,.
Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, TD, Port-of-Spain
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a nation consisting primarily of two Caribbean islands just off the north-eastern coast of Venezuela. The country is the most industrialised and one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean. Overall, tourism is not a major industry, leaving the islands replete with natural unspoiled beauty not found in most other Caribbean countries.
Tunisian Republic, TS, Tunis
The Tunisian Republic is a small and charming country in the middle of North Africa. It has a rich historical heritage and offers a wide array of remarkable destinations to explore, from the cities of Tunis and Carthage to the north to places such as Dougga with its roman ruins or Douz on the edge of the Sahara. Tunisia also offers numerous places for the perfect sun and sea holiday with plenty of idyllic destinations along its Mediterranean coast such as Djerba or Sfax.
Republic of Turkey, TU, Ankara
The Republic of Turkey is a large country on the Mediterranean, located in the Anatolian region of West Asia. It has a small section in Southeastern Europe separated by the Turkish Straits (Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles). With the Black Sea to the north and the Aegean Sea in the west and Mediterranean Sea to the southwest, Turkey is surrounded by Bulgaria and Greece to the west, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to the northeast, Syria, Iraq and Iran to the southeast.
Turkmenistan, TX, Ashgabat
Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia almost entirely located within the desert of Karakum and with a coast on the Caspian Sea. It is bordered by Iran and Afghanistan to the South, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the North. Some of Turkmenistan top experiences include the 12 meters high golden statue of the president in Aszgabut, bazaars in Tolkucha and the Karkum black sand desert with its Yurt people.
Tuvalu, TV, Funafuti
Tuvalu is a group of low-lying islands and atolls in the South Pacific that form the fourth smallest country in the world. It is a delightful pacific destination, where your time is well spent in the shade of a palm trees on one of the pretty beaches. Traditional local culture remains very much alive, making the people of Tuvalu one of the nation’s best assets.
Republic of Uganda, UG, Kampala
The Republic of Uganda is a small country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the southwest by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania. It is famously called the Pearl of Africa by Winston Churchill, being home to one of the most diverse and concentrated ranges of African fauna including the highly endangered mountain gorilla and the endangered common chimpanzee.
Ukraine, UP, Kyiv
Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe located on the edge of the Black Sea and bordered by Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland to the northwest, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Moldova and Romania to the south west. It is the second-largest country in Europe.
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates, AE, Abu Dhabi
The United Arab Emirates is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Arabic Peninsula. It combines the exotic of Bedouin culture with western modernity. Some of UAE’s top destinations include the magnificent building and constructions of Dubai such as the Burj Al Arab and the Palm, the magnificent crystal clear waters of the Arabian Sea.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UK, London
The United Kingdom offers a variety of great attractions, museums, galleries, theatres and nightlife especially around its capital. There is also a variety of wonderful sites outside of the capital including the 5000 years old standing stones in Stonehenge, one of the world’s most famous prehistoric sites, and the remains of the Roman lifestyle in the beautiful and peaceful city of Bath. England is also home to numerous colleges and university including Oxford and Cambridge, some of the world’s oldest and most prestigious academic institutions. Towards the north of the UK, one may discover the Scottish Highlands with its astonishing natural beauty and a variety of old castles, such as the Scottish lochs and the Edinburgh castle.
United States of America, US, Washington, DC
USA famous for numerous popular tourist destinations, from NYC skyscrapers on the east coast to the glamorous Hollywood and California on the West coast passing by the natural wonders of Yellowstone, Alaska and sunny beaches of Florida and Hawaii.
Oriental Republic of Uruguay, UY, Montevideo
The Oriental Republic of Uruguay, which name can be translated t river of the colourful birds, is one of the smallest countries in South American located between Brazil and Argentina. It has a rich cultural heritage and is blessed with excellent beaches.
Republic of Uzbekistan, UZ, Tashkent
Uzbekistan is located in the middle of the central Asian Silk Road and has one of the most hospitable people in the region. Some of Uzbekistan top destinations include the Bukhara market and the spectacular architecture in Samarkand’s Registan.
Republic of Vanuatu, NH, Port-Vila
The Republic of Vanuatu is an archipelago nation consisting of 83 islands in the southwest Pacific Ocean, north of New Zealand and east of Australia.
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, VE, Caracas
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a country in South America. It has a shoreline along the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, and borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east and Brazil to the south. It is known for the Angel Falls (Churun Meru) in the Guiana Highlands considerd the world’s highest waterfall and one of Venezuela’s major tourist attractions.
Socialist Republic of Vietnam, VM, Hanoi
Vietnam is known to be the hidden charm of South East Asia as it is perhaps one of the most exotic countries you may visit. It is the latest of the Asian dragons to fully emerge. From its long and beautiful coastline packed with vibrant cities to the impressive mountains and rice fields in the heart of the country, Vietnam is a jewel for every traveller. Indeed it is a country of vivid colours, amazing smells, breathtaking views and warm people. From the North to South, from Hanoi to Ho Chi Min City and the island of Phu Quoc, passing by the spectacular Halong Bay, Vietnam is definitely a place to visit.
Republic of Yemen, YM, Sanaa
The Republic of Yemen is a country located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula bordered by Saudi Arabia and Oman. Yemen has had a troubled recent history with civil wars and tribal conflicts predominating. It is however known for his welcoming people as well as for its deserts and ancient ruins, the magnificent Shibam known as the Manhattan of the deserts and the magnificent temples at Ma’rib.
Republic of Zambia, ZA, Lusaka
The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia (Caprivi Strip), Angola to the west, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the northwest. Zambia is known for offering some of the world’s best safari opportunities, as well as for the Victoria Falls, one of the World’s Seven Natural Wonders and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Republic of Zimbabwe, ZI, Harare
The Republic of Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in Southern Africa bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique to the east and north. The country is famous for the massive Victoria Falls considered the world’s largest curtain of falling water.
World’s countries video
The following is an HD Film about the World’s countries 2012 created by Mat Siems.