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Discover London’s Tudors and Stuarts history , a time of religious conflicts, civil wars and reformation, the age of Queen Elisabeth explorations,  and times of intense political changes with the creation of parliament, Cromwell’s  English republic, the restoration and the glorious revolution

Video transcript:

  1. Tudors and Stuarts London: 1485 to 1714
  2. After the War of the Roses Henry VII centralised power and expanded the monarchy’s financial reserve , which his son Henry VIII continued
  3. Henry VIII is famous for having 6 wives and establishing the Church of England, braking away from Rome
  4. Edward VI succeeded Henry VIII and during his reign the Book of Common Prayer was written, which is still in use today
  5. During the reformation Elisabeth re-established Church of England as official religion
  6. She is famous for defeating the Spanish Armada sent to restore Catholicism and to empoisoned Mary Stuart Queen of Scots
  7. It was a time of exploration where Explorer sought new routes to the east and Colonised the Eastern coast of America
  8. It was the time of Shakespeare, famous for his plays performed at the Globe theatre, including Hamlet, Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet
  9. James VI became King James I of England, Wales and Ireland and is best known for commissioning a new translation of the Bible, the Kings James Version
  10. But in 1649 , at the end of the English Civil War, he was charged with treason by the Parliamentarians and executed
  11. For the only time in its history England became a republic when Cromwell was recognised as the Lord protector
  12. In1660 parliament invited Charles II to come back from exile and crown him King Charles II of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland
  13. In 1666, a small accidental fire, caused the Great Fire of London which lasted four days and wiped out 80% of the city, which buildings were mostly build from wood
  14. Mr Samuel Pepys kept an extensive diary of the tragedy
  15. In 1679 the Habeas Corpus Act was created which enforced to present the person in court
  16. During the period known as the Glorious revolutions Mary (James II daughter) married William of Orange from Netherland and  invaded England with no resistance